How to Design Small Bathroom?

Designing a small bathroom can be a challenging task for any interior designer. It requires a perfect combination of functionality, comfort, and style to create a cosy and inviting space. However, with the right approach and design ideas, it’s possible to create an elegant and practical small bathroom that meets all the needs of its users. In this article, we will explore some essential design tips that can help you create an impressive small bathroom. Let’s make the most of your small bathroom with these tips on how to design a small bathroom.

Plan and Organize:

The first step in designing a small bathroom is to plan and organise the space. Consider the layout, size, and shape of the room to determine the best placement for your fixtures and furniture. Start by measuring the room and sketching out a floor plan that shows the existing features and the proposed changes.

When planning, prioritise the essential elements such as the toilet, sink, shower, and storage. Consider a wall-mounted toilet and sink to save floor space, and opt for a shower with a sliding door to create more space. Consider using open shelves and built-in cabinets to maximise storage in a small bathroom. Use every inch of the wall and utilise the vertical space to create extra storage.

Before purchasing any fixtures or furniture, measure the space and assess the available storage options. Make sure that the fixtures and storage options you choose fit within the space and don’t create a cramped feeling.

Choose the Right Colours:

Light and neutral colours should be used to make your bathroom appear bigger. Light colours reflect light and create the illusion of more space, while dark colours absorb light and can make a small bathroom feel cramped and smaller. Here are some of the best colours to make your bathroom look more spacious:

  1. White: White is a timeless and classic colour that makes any room appear larger. It reflects light and creates an open, airy feel, making it an ideal colour for a small bathroom.
  2. Beige: Beige is a warm and inviting colour that creates a cosy and inviting atmosphere. It also reflects light and creates the illusion of more space.
  3. Light Grey: Light grey is a versatile and sophisticated colour that adds depth and dimension to a small bathroom. It reflects light and creates a calm and serene environment.
  4. Pale Blue: Pale blue is a calming and soothing colour that creates a spa-like atmosphere in the bathroom. It also reflects light and makes the bathroom appear larger.
  5. Light Green: Light green is a fresh and natural colour that creates a peaceful and relaxing environment. It also reflects light and adds a touch of nature to the bathroom.

In addition to using light colours on the walls and floors, you can also incorporate pops of colour through accessories such as towels, rugs, and shower curtains. Using light and neutral colours in your bathroom will make it feel more spacious and inviting, creating a relaxing and welcoming environment.


Think about how you use the bathroom and what you need to accommodate your needs. This includes determining the type of shower or bathtub, the size and location of the vanity, and the amount of storage you require. Determining the functionality of a bathroom is an important step in the planning and design process. Here are some important things to think about when figuring out how well a bathroom works:

  1. Who will be using the bathroom? Consider the needs of each member of the household, such as young children or elderly individuals, and what fixtures or features they may require.
  2. What activities will take place in the bathroom? Determine what activities will be performed in the bathroom, such as bathing, grooming, or dressing, and ensure that the space is designed to accommodate these activities.
  3. What is the available space? The available space will impact the layout and size of fixtures and features, so it is important to take accurate measurements and plan accordingly.
  4. What storage is needed? Consider the amount and type of storage needed, such as cabinets, shelves, or drawers, to keep the bathroom organised and functional.
  5. What is the budget? Determine the budget for the bathroom renovation or new construction and ensure that the features and fixtures selected are within the budget.
  6. What is the desired aesthetic? Consider the desired style and aesthetic of the bathroom, such as modern or traditional, and ensure that the functionality and layout complement this style.
  7. What are the practical considerations? Take into account practical considerations such as lighting, ventilation, and accessibility, to ensure that the bathroom is safe, comfortable, and functional.

By thinking about these things, you can figure out how well a bathroom works and design a space that fits your needs and tastes.

Incorporate Mirrors:

Mirrors are essential in a small bathroom as they can make the room appear more prominent and brighter. Consider using a large mirror to reflect the light and create the illusion of more space. You can also use multiple mirrors on opposite walls to make the room appear wider. Here are some tips for incorporating mirrors into a small bathroom:

  1. Use a Large Mirror: Using a large mirror is one of the best ways to make a small bathroom feel larger. Install a full-length mirror or a wall-to-wall mirror above the sink to create the illusion of more space.
  2. Create a Mirror Wall: Another way to create a spacious feel is to use multiple mirrors to create a mirror wall. Install mirrors on opposite walls or all around the bathroom to reflect light and create the illusion of a larger space.
  3. Install a Medicine Cabinet: A medicine cabinet is a practical and space-saving way to incorporate a mirror in a small bathroom. It provides extra storage space for toiletries and allows you to store items out of sight.
  4. Use Mirrored Cabinets: Mirrored cabinets are a stylish and practical way to incorporate mirrors into a small bathroom. They provide additional storage space and add a touch of glamour to the room.
  5. Add Mirrored Accents: Mirrored accents such as light fixtures, towel racks, and shelves can reflect light and add a touch of glamour to the room.
  6. Consider Mirrored Tiles: Mirrored tiles can add a touch of glamour to a small bathroom. Use them on the backsplash, the shower wall, or even the floor.
  7. Place Mirrors Strategically: Place mirrors opposite windows to reflect natural light, or near artificial light sources to maximise the brightness of the room.

Mirrors can make a small bathroom feel bigger and brighter, which makes it feel more comfortable and inviting.

Get the Right Lighting:

Lighting is an important aspect of any bathroom design, and it’s especially crucial in small bathrooms. Consider using natural light to create a brighter and more open space. If natural light isn’t an option, consider installing overhead lighting or sconces to create a bright and welcoming atmosphere. Here are some tips for getting the lighting right in a small bathroom:

  1. Choose Bright Light Bulbs: Choose bright LED light bulbs that emit white or cool light. Avoid using yellow or warm light bulbs, as they can make the space appear dim.
  2. Add Task Lighting: Task lighting, such as wall sconces, can provide additional light for activities such as applying makeup or shaving. To get the best task lighting, put sconces on either side of the mirror or above the sink.
  3. Install Ceiling Lights: Ceiling lights provide general lighting for the bathroom. Choose a light fixture that complements the style of the bathroom and provides ample light.
  4. Consider Natural Light: If possible, incorporate natural light into the bathroom. Add a skylight or window to allow natural light to enter the space. This can make the bathroom feel brighter and more spacious.
  5. Use Mirrors to Reflect Light: Place mirrors strategically to reflect light and create the illusion of a larger space. Place mirrors in front of windows or other light sources to make the most of the light in the room.
  6. Use Dimmer Switches: Installing dimmer switches allows you to adjust the brightness of the lights in the bathroom. This is particularly useful for creating a relaxing ambiance during a bath.
  7. Choose Waterproof Light Fixtures: Choose light fixtures that are specifically designed for use in a bathroom. They should be waterproof and designed to withstand moisture.

By following these tips, you can create a well-lit and functional bathroom that is also visually appealing.

Consider Materials: 

When it comes to designing a small bathroom, selecting the right materials is essential. Consider using materials that are durable, water-resistant, and easy to maintain. You can also use glass tiles for a modern and elegant look. The choice of materials for a bathroom would depend on several factors, such as budget, style, durability, and maintenance requirements. However, some common materials used for bathroom construction and design include:

  1. Tiles – commonly used for bathroom walls and floors due to their durability, resistance to water, and ease of maintenance.
  2. Natural stone – such as marble, granite, and travertine, can add elegance and texture to a bathroom, but they require more maintenance and can be more expensive than other options.
  3. Glass – can be used for shower doors or as a decorative element and can give a bathroom a modern and sleek look.
  4. Porcelain – often used for sinks, toilets, and bathtubs due to its durability and ease of maintenance.
  5. Wood – can be used as an accent or as the base material for vanities, but it must be properly sealed to avoid water damage.
  6. Metal – such as stainless steel or copper, can be used for fixtures and hardware and can add a touch of luxury to a bathroom.

In the end, the materials chosen will depend on what the client wants and needs, the style of the bathroom, and how much money is available for the project.

Small Fixtures:

Choosing the right fixtures is crucial in a small bathroom. opt for smaller fixtures such as a wall-mounted toilet and sink, and a shower with a sliding door to save space. You can also consider a corner sink and a round or oval bathtub to maximise the available space. When it comes to small bathroom design, selecting the right fixtures can make a big difference in maximising the available space. Here are some small fixtures that can be used in a small bathroom:

  1. Pedestal Sink – A pedestal sink is a great option for small bathrooms since it doesn’t take up as much space as a vanity. It’s a simple and classic design that can open up the room and make it feel more spacious.
  2. Wall-Mounted Faucet – A wall-mounted faucet takes up less space than a traditional deck-mounted faucet and can make a small sink feel larger.
  3. Corner Shower – A corner shower is an excellent option for small bathrooms since it utilises the corner of the room and doesn’t take up as much floor space as a traditional shower.
  4. Compact Toilet – There are many compact toilet options available that take up less space than a traditional toilet. For example, a wall-hung toilet can create more floor space, and a round bowl toilet takes up less space than an elongated bowl toilet.
  5. Shallow Depth Cabinets – Cabinets that are shallower in depth than traditional cabinets can help save space while still providing storage.
  6. Recessed Lighting – Recessed lighting is an excellent option for small bathrooms since it doesn’t take up any floor space and can make the room feel more spacious by providing even lighting without shadows.

These are just a few examples of small fixtures that can be used in a small bathroom to maximise the available space. The right combination of fixtures and design can make a small bathroom both functional and beautiful.

Add Accessories:

The final step in designing a small bathroom is to add accessories. Consider adding a plant, a rug, and towels to add colour and texture to the room. You can also use decorative baskets and trays to keep the room organised and clutter-free. In a small bathroom, selecting the right accessories can make a big difference in terms of functionality and style. Here are some accessories that can be used in a small bathroom:

  1. Towel Bars and Hooks – Wall-mounted towel bars and hooks can save valuable floor space in a small bathroom and keep towels off the floor.
  2. Shelves and Cabinets – Floating shelves and wall-mounted cabinets can provide storage without taking up precious floor space.
  3. Mirrors – Mirrors can make a small bathroom feel larger and brighter by reflecting light and creating the illusion of more space. A large mirror or multiple mirrors can be used to achieve this effect.
  4. Shower Caddies – Shower caddies can keep all your shower essentials organised and off the floor, freeing up space in a small shower.
  5. Soap Dispensers – A wall-mounted soap dispenser can be a stylish and space-saving alternative to a bulky soap dispenser on the counter.
  6. Toilet Roll Holders – Wall-mounted toilet roll holders can save space and provide a convenient location for toilet paper.
  7. Plants and Decorative Objects – Plants and decorative objects can add a touch of personality and style to a small bathroom without taking up any valuable space.


Decide on a design style for your bathroom, such as contemporary, modern, or traditional. This will help guide your choices for fixtures, materials, and accessories. For small bathrooms, it is often best to use a minimalist design style that emphasises simplicity and functionality. This may include neutral or light colours, clean lines, and the use of space-saving fixtures and storage solutions. Additionally, incorporating natural light and mirrors can help make the space feel larger and more open.


Consider the needs of all users when planning the bathroom, such as elderly or disabled individuals. This may include installing grab bars, a walk-in shower, or a lower vanity. To determine the accessibility of a bathroom, you should consider various factors that can affect people with different levels of mobility, such as:

  1. Entrance: Is the entrance to the bathroom wide enough for wheelchair or walker access? Is there a step or threshold that could create a tripping hazard?
  2. Layout: Is there enough space for manoeuvring a wheelchair or walker inside the bathroom? Are there grab bars and handrails to assist with mobility and balance?
  3. Fixtures and features: Are the sink, toilet, and shower/tub easy to reach and use for someone with limited mobility? Are there adjustable or handheld showerheads, and anti-scald devices?
  4. Flooring: Is the flooring slip-resistant, with a smooth and even surface? Are there any tripping hazards, such as loose tiles or rugs?
  5. Lighting: Is the bathroom well-lit, with enough illumination for those with visual impairments? Are light switches and other controls easy to reach and operate?

By looking at these things, you can figure out how accessible a bathroom is and if it might be hard for people with disabilities or mobility issues to get in or use it.


Bathrooms require proper ventilation to prevent moisture and mould build-up. You should consider installing an exhaust fan or a window that can be opened to allow for air circulation. It is important to use proper ventilation in a small bathroom to prevent mould, mildew, and moisture build-up. One common type of ventilation is an exhaust fan that can be installed on the ceiling or wall of the bathroom. The fan helps to remove moisture and odours from the bathroom and vent them outside. It is recommended to select an exhaust fan with a CFM (cubic feet per minute) rating that is appropriate for the size of the bathroom. Another option is to use a window to ventilate the bathroom, but this may not be practical or possible in all situations.


Set a budget for your bathroom renovation or build and ensure that you stay within it. This includes planning for unexpected expenses, such as plumbing or electrical work.


Working with limited space? No problem! With a few strategic design choices, you can turn a small bathroom into an oasis of relaxation. Here’s how to design a small bathroom. Designing a small bathroom requires careful planning and creativity. Consider the layout, size, and shape of the room, and choose the right colours, materials, and fixtures to create a functional and elegant space. Incorporate mirrors, lighting, and accessories to add personality and style to your design. With the right approach and ideas, you can create a beautiful and practical small bathroom that meets all the needs of its users.

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